2016 Legislative agenda and successes
MICAH’s 2016 Minnesota Legislative work was in the following areas:
Homelessness and Disparities
Housing and Disparities in ethnicity and income
The HOME law
Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP)
Lead and its effects
Second Chance Legislation
2015 Legislative Agenda
What are MICAH’s Legislative priorities? To advocate and work for justice, equity, and mercy in implementing structural and systemic changes, including the use of our tax resources, so that everyone, without exception, has a decent, safe, accessible and affordable place to call HOME!
2015 Legislative Agenda
1. HOME Law: $100 Million Investment.
In the 2014 Session the Housing Opportunities Made Equitable (HOME) Bill became law. The law provides longer term home ownership training opportunities and more flexible financing while meeting the underwriting criteria of the Minnesota Dept. of Commerce for People of Color, Hispanics and American Indians.
• For every $1 invested there is a $12 Social Return (University of MN).
• Minnesota Housing has already invested $21.3 Million of its own resources into HOME Law activities in 2014 and 2015.
• Minnesota moved from the worst to the third worst state in the nation in our disparity between white and non-white home ownership in 2014.
• Additional benefits:
- People will increase their credit scores, access to financing, and assets.
- Neighborhoods will stabilize and increase tax base as foreclosed homes are purchased and new homes are built on vacant lots.
- Apartments will become available as people move into home ownership.
2. Homes for All.
• Creating housing stability.
• Creating strong communities statewide.
• Meeting goals of Minnesota's Olmstead plan.
The $39 million package includes the following base appropriation increases:
• Family Homeless Prevention and Assistance (FHPAP): $4 million (23% increase).
• Challenge Fund: $4.75 million (18% increase).
• Housing Trust Fund: $8 million (35% increase) i.e. $5 million to the base, $2 million for Highly Mobile Student pilot, $1 million for Ex-Offender pilot.
• Capacity Building: $250,000 (33% increase).
• Bridges: $1.5 million (26% increase).
• Single Family Rehab: $1 million (18% increase).
TOTAL Minnesota Housing Finance Agency (MHFA) increase: $19.5 million.
• Long-Term Homeless Support Services: $6.5 million (56% increase).
• Transitional Housing: $3 million (47% increase).
• Emergency Services: $1 million (84% increase).
• Homeless Youth Act: $4 million (64% increase).
• Housing Supports for Adults with Serious Mental Illness: $5 million (333% increase).
TOTAL Minnesota Department of Human Services (DHS) increase: $19.5 million.
3. Equity and Affordable Housing.
• Fiscal Note required, support legislation that require an Equity Note on each bill.
• Banks that do business with the state be required to invest more resources in addressing equitable opportunities in home ownership and access to credit.
• Support Health Equity Report Recommendations (Health Department).
• Support Asian Community in accessing targeted Transitional and Housing subsidy funding (Council on Asian Pacific Minnesotans).
• Set aside in housing funding for Senior Housing.
• Safe Homes: Lead abatement.
- Expungement of Criminal Records and Unlawful Detainers (Second Chance).
- Support Universal designs.
4. Livable Incomes.
• Support increases in public assistance benefits to ensure people can afford housing and basic needs. (Welfare Rights Committee).
• Sick and safe leave paid time off for illness or a critical safety issue (Take Action).
• Driver License for Undocumented Workers (Chicano Latino Affairs Council).
5. Education: Support legislation that creates excellent integrated educational opportunities for children and adults, including job training throughout the State.
6. Civil Rights Enforcement.
• Increase funding to Minnesota Human Rights Department (Council on Black Minnesotans).
• Fair Housing Testing (Minnesota Housing and Met Council).
• Restore the Vote for Felons who have completed their incarceration. (Second Chance and Take Action).
7. Transportation: Funding should ensure housing affordability along the transit line, replacement of demolished housing, protections from tax and rent increases. People and businesses employed in development should be people and businesses from the community; matching at least the racial demographics of neighborhood or metro area, whichever is higher.
2014 Legislative Successes
Great job everyone! Thanks for all of your calls, visits and especially your prayers!
HF859/SF771,The HOME pilot project was signed into law, May 1, 2014 (National Day of Prayer)
The Housing Opportunities Made Equitable (HOME) pilot project will support closing the disparity gaps in affordable homeownership and housing opportunities for American Indians and all communities of color in Minnesota. Minnesota Housing approved $10.5 Million in their 2014 Action plan for this new initiative and is currently taking applications.
HF859/SF771, also clarifies protections for victims of domestic violence and landlords, was passed by the Legislature and signed by Governor Dayton. Proponents of the bill argued it accomplishes several things to protect victims of domestic violence in rental housing:
Clarifies compensation and procedure rules for landlords and tenants, which allow domestic violence victims to leave a lease because of a domestic violence situation while ensuring landlords receive reasonable compensation for rent. HF859 changes compensation to damage deposit and rent for the month terminating instead of two months' rent.
Ensures a person cannot be evicted solely because they are a victim of domestic violence.
Expands the type of documentation/testimony able to prove domestic violence for these purposes.
Bonding Bill $100 million for Housing!
Faced with a growing homeless and rental affordability crisis, the Minnesota Legislature and Governor Dayton passed a bonding bill with a historic investment in housing:
$80 million for affordable& supportive housing
$20 million for public housing rehab
$6 million for Dorothy Day
Governor Dayton signed the bill May 20.
Bonds will be issued through Minnesota Housing and likely leveraged with private or local funds to preserve and increase the stock of affordable, supportive, and public housing; bonding has already increased resources available in MHFA's 2014 Consolidated RFP. The bonds will be used to create or rehabilitate an estimated four thousand units of housing across Minnesota.
Criminal Records Expungement Law "Second Chance" for Offenders
A new state law will permit judges in Minnesota to expunge criminal records for some offenders. Judges are currently able to seal court records, but HF2576/SF2214 allows them to also expunge criminal records kept by state agencies like the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension--the kind of records that can still show up in background checks even after going through the expungement process.
People convicted of misdemeanors, gross misdemeanors, and certain low-level felonies will be able to petition the court for expungement after completing probation and a waiting period. Thousands of people are estimated to be affected by the new law.
The new law is hailed by several coalitions as removing barriers to housing, employment, and higher education that linger long after a criminal conviction.
Minimum Wage Increases
In April, the state Legislature increased Minnesota's minimum wage to $9.50 an hour, which will go in full effect in 2016. Large employers will begin paying an $8 an hour minimum wage in August, $9 an hour in August 2015, and finally $9.50 an hour in 2016. The minimum wage in Minnesota was previously $6.15 an hour for large employers, although some workers may receive the $7.25 federal rate.
The new minimum wage will also be automatically increased for inflation beginning in 2018.
Homeless Youth Services Funding Increases
The supplemental budget bill included an additional $1 million per year for the Homeless Youth Act. This appropriation will be built into base funding, totaling $6.2 million per biennium for homeless youth services. Homeless Youth Act funding provides essential services including street outreach, drop-in centers, emergency shelter, transitional and supportive housing services for the more than 1,000 unaccompanied youth who are experiencing homelessness in our state.
Thank you Representative Laurie Halverson and Senator Scott Dibble for their work and support of youth services.
Two years ago, funding for the Homeless Youth Act was at $238,000 per biennium. In the 2013 legislative session, advocates requested $8 million to adequately fund homeless youth services, and the Legislature approved $4.2 million for the FY14-15 biennium.
The following programs also received appropriations that were added to base funding:
Safe Harbor for Sexually Exploited Youth
FY2016-17: $1 million
Group Residential Housing Grants
FY2016-17: $1.4 million
Mental Health Crisis Intervention Services
(Information for this update was provided by several organizations: HOME Bill supporters, HOMES For All Campaign, Second Chance Coalition, HEARTH Connection, and JRLC.)
The 2013 legislative session was very successful for housing assistance, increasing funding for affordable housing and homeless services by a total of $33 million for 2013-2014. MICAH worked with Homes For All and other housing advocates to secure this victory.
We also introduced (HF 1603) re-introduced in 2014 as HF 2112 HOME (Housing Opportunities Made Equitable). This was collaborative effort of the African American Leadership Forum, Build Wealth Minnesota, Council on Black Minnesotans, MICAH and Integrated Community Solutions
The HOME Bill provided the impetus for language being included in the Housing Omnibus Bill (2014-2015) to prioritize resources for People of Color, Hispanic ethnicity, and Indigenous American; MHFA also included in the 2014 Minnesota Housing Action Plan a new "Targeted Mortgage Opportunity Program”($10 million) and a new "Enhanced Financial Capacity Initiative ($500,000).